Where Are Pandas ?


Current distribution


Nowadays, giant pandas just continue to be in the wild in main China, in the 3 districts of Shaanxi, Gansu and Sichuan. They are distributed in 6 major chain of mountains: the Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi and also Gansu provinces, the Minshan Mountains in Gansu as well as Sichuan districts as well as the Qionglai, Daxiangling, Xiaoxiangling and also Liangshan Mountains in Sichuan province.

The habitat of the giant panda is shown here, and also is topped the 3 provinces: Sichuan, Gansu and also Shaanxi.

Panda habitat map

Zoom on the environment of the huge panda and area of the 6 big hills.

According to the outcomes of the 4th national demographics of huge pandas and also their environment, conducted from 2011 to 2014 as well as released in February 2015, 1,864 wild pandas remain in the wild, contrasted to 1,596 wild pandas one decade back during the 3rd demographics. An additional 268 pandas were counted, a boost of 16.79% compared to the third census.

The 1,864 wild pandas are fragmented into 33 sub-populations that are virtually separated from each other. Of these 33 sub-populations, 22 have less than 30 people each, most of which lie in the northwestern part of the Minshan Mountains. Just 6 sub-populations have more than 100 individuals. These 33 sub-populations are dispersed as follows: 6 sub-populations in the Qinling Hills, 12 in the Minshan Hills, 5 in the Qionglai Hills, 3 in the Daxiangling Hills, 2 in the Xiaoxiangling Hills and also 5 in the Liangshan Hills.

From a management perspective, the 1,864 pandas are topped 196 communities (towns/ villages), attached to 49 regions and also 17 prefecture communities.

The thickness of pandas (data from the fourth demographics) is 0.0723 panda/km ², contrasted to 0.0692 panda/km ² in the previous census. Panda thickness enhanced in Qinling, Minshan and also Qionglai Mountains yet decreased in Daxiangling, Xiaoxiangling and Liangshan Mountains. Panda density has actually boosted in all 3 provinces however is higher in Shaanxi province and also nearly steady in Sichuan province. On average, pandas density has actually increased by 0.0031 panda/km ².

The (validated) habitat of the panda raised by 11.78% in between the 3rd and fourth censuses. It increased from a location of 2,304,991 hectares to 2,576,595 hectares. Sichuan district is the district with the highest boost (+14.25%), followed by Shaanxi province (+3.66%) and Gansu district (+3.30%). The Daxiangling as well as Xiaoxiangling Mountains experienced the highest increase (+51.64% and +48.83% specifically), complied with by the Liangshan Hills (+37.18%), the Qionglai Mountains (+12.89%), the Qinling Hills (+5.38%) and also ultimately the Minshan Mountains (+1.15%). Below is the information province by district as well as mountain by hill.

To the 2,576,595 hectares of confirmed habitat, around 910,000 hectares of possible habitat ought to be added (information of this number not yet given).

Just a little majority (55.6%) of the panda habitat is of top quality; 16.8% is of medium top quality and also 27.6% is of low quality. The Qionglai Mountains have the highest percentage of top quality habitat (74.5% of complete environment in the Qionglai Hills); the Xiaoxiangling Mountains have the most affordable (only 29.9% of environment in these mountains is of good quality).


Living conditions of pandas